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Papers of Whitney M. Borland

 Collection
Identifier: WWMB

Scope and Contents

The Papers of Whitney M. Borland consists of documents dated 1828 to 1997, with the bulk falling from the 1930s through the 1970s. The documents with the earliest dates are often photocopies of originals. The materials were either collected or created by Borland in relation to his research and work. Materials include articles, reports, publications, handbooks, manuals, books, correspondence, maps, notes, and photographs.

Dates

  • 1828-1997
  • Majority of material found within 1930-1979

Creator

Restrictions on Access

The collection is stored off-site, so advance notice is required.

Restrictions on Use

Not all of the material in the collection is in the public domain. Researchers are responsible for addressing copyright issues.

Biography

As a civil engineer with a long and distinguished career, Whitney McNair Borland focused his research on sedimentation, hydraulics, avalanches, and other aspects of hydrology. He was employed by the United States Bureau of Reclamation for over forty years, beginning in November 1930.

Borland was born November 6, 1905, in Holyoke, Colorado, where he grew up in a sod house. In 1928, he received a Bachelor of Science in mechanical engineering from the University of Nebraska. Two years later he earned a Master of Science in the same subject from the University of California, Berkeley. He earned another M.S., this time in civil engineering, from the University of Colorado in 1938. Borland also did some post-graduate work at Cornell University.

During World War II, Borland had a four-year hiatus from work (August 1942-September 1946). He served as a lieutenant colonel in the Army's 10th Mountain Division, an appropriate role for him as he was an avid skier and climber.

Borland worked for the Bureau of Reclamation while it was involved in some of its biggest projects that would have long-term impact on water in the West, including the building of Hoover Dam, Grand Coulee Dam, and the Colorado-Big Thompson Project. Borland conducted model sedimentation studies for some of these big projects and for many others. He spent several years in Fort Collins conducting these studies, working in the Colorado State University (CSU) engineering lab designed by Ralph Parshall. This work helped establish CSU's reputation as a leader in water research.

Progressing through the ranks in the Denver office of the Bureau of Reclamation, Borland became part of the sedimentation section and was named chief in 1950, remaining in that position for twenty years. Upon leaving the Bureau in 1972, he became a consultant on a number of different projects.

Borland also served for a time in the 1980s as a member of the board of directors of the Colorado Water Resources and Power Development Authority. He was also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the American Geophysical Union, and the Colorado Mountain Club, participating in rescue activities and climbing all of Colorado's mountains over 14,000 feet. He was also an avalanche expert, being among the first in the field to really explore the science and physics of snow.

Whit Borland was married to Mina "Dixie" Weaver, who preceded him in death. Mr. Borland died October 2, 2001, in Peoria, Arizona.

Extent

60 linear feet (40 record cartons)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

As a civil engineer with a long and distinguished career, Whitney McNair Borland (1905-2001) focused his research on sedimentation, hydraulics, avalanches and other aspects of hydrology. He was employed by the United States Bureau of Reclamation for over forty years, spending some of that time conducting model sedimentation studies in Fort Collins, working in the Colorado State University engineering lab designed by Ralph Parshall. The collection consists of documents either collected or created by Borland in relation to his research and work. Materials include articles, reports, publications, handbooks, manuals, books, correspondence, maps, notes, and photographs.

Arrangement

Arrangement is by material type, largely reflecting Borland's own organization scheme.

The collection consists of 7 series, some with subseries, in 40 boxes:

Series 1: Indexed articles, 1912-1997

Subseries 1.1: Indexes, 1946-1997

Subseries 1.2: ASCE papers, 1931-1972

Subseries 1.3: Sedimentation articles, 1913-1987

Subseries 1.4: Hydraulic articles, 1926-1973

Subseries 1.5: Hydrologic articles, 1926-1984

Subseries 1.6: Snow and ice articles, 1912-1985

Series 2: Indexed reports, 1914-1992

Subseries 2.1: Sedimentation reports, 1914-1989

Subseries 2.2: Hydraulic reports, 1915-1971

Subseries 2.3: Hydrologic reports, 1924-1982

Subseries 2.4: Snow and ice reports, 1936-1992

Series 3: Reports and studies, 1828-1988

Subseries 3.1: Travel reports, 1947-1972

Subseries 3.2: Other reports and studies, 1828-1988

Series 4: Handbooks and manuals, 1948-1990

Series 5: Books, 1916-1977

Series 6: Notes, 1960-1974

Series 7: Photographs, undated

Acquisition

The Papers of Whitney M. Borland were acquired by the Engineering Research Center at Colorado State University in April 1997. They were transferred to the Colorado State University Water Resources Archive in August 2001. A videotaped interview that was conducted with Mr. Borland in June 1997 is not part of the collection but can be found with the administrative case files relating to the collection; contact archives staff for access to the videotape.

Online Materials

Some documents have been scanned and are available through the Colorado State University Libraries website. In the electronic version of this document, direct links appear in context. Note that not all links are to the exact documents in this collection, but scans from other sources.

Related Collections

The Water Resources Archive also has the collection of James L. Ogilvie, who was similarly a Bureau of Reclamation engineer. The documents in the collection date from 1944 to 1992. In addition, the Archive has the collection of Daryl B. Simons, a colleague and friend of Borland's. Documents in that collection date from 1901-1991.

Appendix

Contents:

Index to ASCE Papers

Index of Sedimentation Articles

Index to Sedimentation Reports

Index to Hydraulic Publications

Index to Hydrologic Publications

Index: Snow and Ice Publications

INDEX TO ASCE PAPERS I. HYDRAULICS

E: Pipe Flow, Penstocks, Culverts, Sprinklers

H: Open Channel Flow -- Flumes, Gaging Stations

G: Critical Flow -- Weirs, Orifices, Jet Flow, Siphons

I: Energy Dissipation, Stilling Basins, Hydraulic Jump

C: Laboratories, Models

K: Waves, Surface and Density, Stratification of Fluid, Flood Routing

BB: Fluid Mechanics, Dispersion Turbulance

M: Turbines, Pumps, Gates, Valves -- Cavitation, Surge, Vibration, Dredges

CC: Hydraulic Structures -- Spillways, Outlets, Inlets, Protective Str, Riprap

AA: Diversion Dams, Settling Basins, Sand Traps, Excluders

JJ: Fish

II. HYDROLOGY

L: Precipitation, Runoff, Hydrographs, Flow and Stage Duration, Low flow

EE: Meteorology -- Cloud Seeding, Ice, Snow

F: Flood Analysis, Control, Protection and Effect

O: Evaporation, Wind, Physiographical Balance

P: Irrigation, Methods, Consumptive Use, Canal Losses, Water Rights

HH: Conservation, Effects, Watershed Studies, Land Use

Q: Water Movement in Soil -- Seepage, Wells, Ground Water

R: Drainage, Reclamation, General Irrigation Projects

X: Storage and Project Operation, River Basin Operation, Routing

N: Beaches, Harbors, Estuaries, Erosion, Tide and Waves, Protection, Freeboard

Y: Quality of Water, Pollution, Thermo, Sewage, Cooling Water

I: Fresh Water from Salt Water

-: Logan Conference -- Research Needs (1964)

III. SEDIMENTATION ENGINEERING

B: Sediment Transport, Channels and Pipes, Bed Forms and Friction (See U)

V: Reservoir Sedimentation, Sediment Yield Rates, Deltas, Fluvial Fans

U: Aggrading, Degrading, and Stable Channels -- Bed Forms

J: Soil mechanics, Earth Dams and Dikes, Foundations, Dam failure

-: Sedimentation Engineering Manual

IV. MANAGEMENT, OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

GG: Organizations; Political Protective and Conservation, River Basin Planning

V. MATHEMATICS

DD: Electronic Computer, Models, Stream Forecasting

Z: Data Analysis and Storage

VI. STANDARDS, POLICY, EDUCATION, INSTRUMENTATION

A: Translations, References, History, Tabulations

H: Costs, Weights, Symbols, Standards

S: Economics, Education, Research Needs

FF: Measurement Equipment -- Gages, Samplers, Survey Instruments

VII. DESIGN AND GEOLOGY

D: Structure Analysis, Wood and Concrete Design

T: Geology (see J)

INDEX OF SEDIMENTATION ARTICLES A. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, CHARACTERISTICS AND MOVEMENT OF SEDIMENT

*0. General; Terminology; Research Needs and Teaching Aids

*1. Suspended movement, formulas, unmeasured load, "Sediment Production" (see A-12)

*2. Bed movement, formulas, types (see B-2 for forms)

3. Suspended sampling -- Instruments and techniques

4. Bed material -- Sampling size, errors (see A-11) and techniques

*5. Size analysis, fall velocities, concentration determination

6. Cohesive soils, soil classification, chemical and mineral properties

7. Particle shape, texture and angle of repose

8. Sealing of Porous Media

9. Fertility of sediment

10. Abrasive power (see L-2)

11. Sorting and armoring of particles (see F-6)

*12. Erosion of watersheds -- Methods of computing erosion and yield rates

*13. Sediment yield -- Basic Data -- Rating curves (see D-5, A-1, and A)

14. Mud flows

B. NATURAL CHANNELS - BEHAVIOR

0. Policy criteria and manual

1. Stream morphology and theory of behavior -- Channel Type (see Art. F-1)

2. Bed forms and resistance, n's for sand channels

3. Drainage patterns and density

4. Channel slope -- Profiles (see F-7)

5. Channel form and shape -- bank erosion

6. Channel bends and meander

7. Deterioration

8. Aggradation -- flood plain deposits

9. Degradation -- scour at bridges and outlets (see F-5)

10. Gullies and accelerated erosion

11. Case histories

C. REGIMEN THEORY

20. Pros and Cons

21. Kennedy, Lacey, Inglis, etc.

22. Blench

D. RESERVOIR SEDIMENTATION

*0. Policy, criteria, and General

*1. Density of deposits

*2. Disposition of deposits

*3. Trap efficiency

*4. Deltas, development -- Upstream Aggradation -- See also B-8

5. Rate of deposition, sediment yield (See A-13)

*6. Density currents and slucing of sediment, stratified flow (see XX, A-3 and A-4)

7. Survey methods, equipment, Gamma Probe (see N-3 and N-2)

8. Operation and design (outlet works)

9. Shoreline retreat

For degradation, see B-2, F-5

E. INTAKE WORKS AND DESILTING BASINS

*0. Policy criteria and general methods

*1. Sluices, Ejectors and curved walls

2. Settling basins

3. Sand traps and vortex tube

4. Dredges and dragline

5. Transport of sediment in pipes (See ZH)

6. Guide vanes

F. CHANNEL IMPROVEMENT AND DESIGN - STABLE CHANNELS - CANALS

*0. Policy criteria and general

*1. Tractive force -- Effect of sediment concentration

*2. Dominant discharge

*3. Competent velocity (See A-11)

*4. Bank protection, groins and levees -- width

*5. Channel scour -- degradation -- pilot cuts (See B-9)

*6. Riprap -- gravel cover -- Armor (see A-11)

6X. Vegetative influence and protection

*7. Bed protection; modifications and drops -- Slope

8. Alinement bends and minimum radius

9. Leakage -- sediment sealing -- water salvage

10. Maintenance, dredging and cleaning -- clearing

11. Cross drainage

*12. Case histories

*13. Cohesive banks and clay characteristics (See A-6)

*H. CONSERVATION PRACTICES

1. Vegetation methods, watershed management

2. Soil erosion -- Cross drainage

3. Structural measures -- Check dams, terraces and plugs

4. Small Dams, Debris basins

5. Evaluation of general conservation measures

6. Raindrop splash and Infiltration

7. Measures for Pasture and Brush Land

8. Effect of Floodwater Retarding Structures

9. Watershed Protection Effects

K. ECONOMICS OF SEDIMENTATION

1. Cleaning of canals

2. Sedimentation damage

3. Legal

*L. PUMPING PLANTS AND TURBINES

1. Intakes, marinas and pumping plants (See Art. E)

2. Abrasion of pumps and turbine parts (See L)

M. WIND EROSION - LOESS

N. INSTRUMENTS AND EQUIPMENT

1. Electronic Computers

2. Radioisotope, probes, tracers, monitors

3. Samplers, size analysis, boats (See A-3, D-7, A-4)

4. Mathematics and analysis of data

P. ESTUARIES, HARBORS, MARINAS, WAVES, TIDES

Q. GEOLOGY - GENERAL INFORMATION

For samplers see A-3 and A-4

For stream gaging equipment see ZM

* Symbols with similar subject matter in report file

INDEX TO SEDIMENTATION REPORTS A. SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND EROSION

A0: General -- Sediment Transport

A1: Suspended Load

A2: Bed Material Transport

A2X: Total Load

A2Y: Bedforms and other Effects

A5: Fall Velocity, Size Flocculation

A. EROSION AND SEDIMENT YIELD

A12: Erosion Analysis

A13: Sediment Yield Rates and Rating Curves

A13X: Reports -- Yield Rate Studies

A14: Mud Flow

D. RESERVOIR SEDIMENTATION

D0: General and Manuals

D1: Unit Weight

D2: Distribution of Sediment, and Delta Profile

D3: Trap Efficiency

D4: Delta Formation

D6: Stratification, Sluicing

D7: Resurvey Reports

D10: Studies and Talks

E. CANALS AND INTAKES

E0: General

E1: Diversion Dams, Settling Basins, Sand Traps

E7: Intakes, Marinas, Power and Pumping Plants

E8: Fish Problems

E9: Canals

E10: Drops, Checks, Chutes

F. STABLE CHANNELS - BEHAVIOR AND DESIGN

F0: General, Design for X--Section

F1: Tractive Force

F3: Critical Velocity

F4: Bank Erosion -- Protection -- Width

F5: Local Scour, Contractions -- Levees

F6: Riprap, Gravel Filters, Armor

F7: Bed Slope -- Drops -- Gullies

F8: Bends, Alinement -- Meander

F11: Aggradation (also See D4)

F12: Reports and Studies of Projects

F13: Cohesive Material -- Resistance to Scour

F14: Degradation below Dams

H. CONSERVATION METHODS AND EVALUATION

L. PUMP AND TURBINES

INDEX TO HYDRAULIC PUBLICATIONS ARTICLES

*ZA: Policy, Criteria, and Manual

ZB: General and Miscellaneous

*ZC: Flow in Open Channels

ZC0: General and Miscellaneous

*ZC1: Calculation of Water Surface Profile

ZC2: Shallow or Sheet Flow, Grass Channels

ZC3: Supercritical Flow Chutes, Steep Channels

*ZC4: Waves in Channels and Unstable Flow. (See ZP)

*ZC5: Roughness Coefficient, See B2

*ZC6: Special Energy Losses, Bend, Bridges and Contractions

*ZC7: Rating Curves, Gaging Stations, Measurement of Q

ZD: Critical Depth, Flow Meters, Parshall Flume

*ZE: Weirs, Broad Crest Weirs, Ogee Crest

*ZF: Dissipation of Hydraulic Energy, Hydraulic Jump, Stilling Basin Drops

ZG: Translatory Waves, Flood Routing, Surges

*ZH: Flow in Pipes, Penstocks, Siphons, Sediment Mixture

*ZI: Orifices, Meters in Closed Conduits, Valves

ZJ: Flow Around Immersed Bodies, Bridge Piers

*ZK: Models and Hydraulic Laboratories

ZL: Flow through Porous Media, Wells

*ZM: Gages and Equipment, Also A3 and A4

ZN: Pumps -- Cavitation and Abrasion (See L)

ZO: Turbines, Cavitation and Abrasion (See L)

ZP: Waves, Tides, Beaches, Slope Protection, Freeboard (Also XT and XU)

ZQ: Ice and Ice Jams

ZR: Fluid Mechanics

Note: For Math. and Analysis, See N4

* Symbols with similar subject matter in report file

REPORTS

ZA: General and Manuals

ZC: Open Channel Flow

ZC1: Water Surface Profiles

ZC4: Waves -- Density Currents, Unstable Flow

ZC5: Flow Resistance, N's Values

ZC6: Special Losses, Bridges, Contractions

ZC7: Gaging Stations, Discharge Measurements

ZE: Weirs -- Measuring Devices

ZF: Structures, Drops, Stilling Basins

ZH, ZI: Pipes, Culverts, Orifices, Sediment Mixture in Pipes

ZK: Models and Laboratories and Laboratory Techniques

ZM: Instruments, Gages, Samplers

ZQ: Ice Jams

INDEX TO HYDROLOGIC PUBLICATIONS ARTICLES

*XA: Policy, criteria and manual -- Environment controversy

XB: General and Miscellaneous

XC: Water Resources and Project Planning

XD: Basic Data Collection and Presentation

XD1: Stream flow

XD2: Precipitation

XD3: Quality

XD4: Temperature

XE: Statistics and Mathematical Methods, Extension of Records

*XF: Water Requirements and Consumptive Use Value of Water, Dominant Discharge, Water yield from watershed

*XG: Phreatophytes, Salt Cedars, Weeds

XH: Water Yield--Duration Curves -- Return flow

XI: Irrigation Methods -- Planning and Design

*XJ: Ground Water and Wells--Seepage

XK: Drainage Methods -- Planning and Design

*XL: Flood, Droughts, Runoff, Precipitation Hydrographs

*XM: Flood Routing and Reservoir Operation, Yield and Size

XN: Operation Studies

*XO: Evaporation

XP: Meteorology, Sunspots, Wet and Dry Cycles

XQ: Forecast and Predictions

XR: Snow and Glaciers

XS: Sprinkler Systems, subirrigation

*XT: Harbors, Beaches and Tidal Movement, Shore Retreat

*XU: Wind

XV: Requirements of Fish

*XW: Quality of Water -- Pollution, Temperature and Dissolved Oxygen

XX: Limnology -- Study of Reservoirs -- Fish, temperature, density, pollution

For Instruments, See ZM, D7, A3 and A4

For Ice Jams, See ZQ

For Math and Analysis, see N4

*Symbols with similar subject matter in Report File

REPORTS

XA: General and Manual

XF: Use of Water and Irrigation

XG: Phreatophytes -- Weeds

XJ: Ground Water Drainage and Wells

XL: Runoff, Precipitation Analysis of Floods and Droughts

XM: Flood Routing, Reservoir Yield and Size

XO: Evaporation

XP: Meteorology, Wet-dry Cycles, Earthquakes

XT: Beach Erosion, Harbors, Waves

XU: Weather Observation, Wind, Temperature

XW: Water Quality, Temperature - Limnology

XZ: Math. Analysis Correlations, Computers

Ice Jams (see ZQ)

Instruments (see ZM)

INDEX: SNOW AND ICE PUBLICATIONS AX: Annual and Project Reports -- Bibliographies

AX1: Mechanical and Physical Properties of Snow

AX2: Instrumentation and Collection of Data

AX3: Glaciers, Ice Cover

AX4: Snow Cover and Surveys

AX5: Snow Characteristics -- Blowing, Creep, Classification

AX6: Avalanche Characteristics and Defense Design

AX7: Avalanche Hazard and Research

AX8: Snow Hydrology, Sublimation

AX9: Guides, Teaching Instructions, General Information

AX10: Avalanche Fatalities and Case Histories, Search

AX11: Sea Ice

AX12: Icing of Structures, Rime

Ice Jams, see ZQ

INDEX TO ASCE PAPERS

I. HYDRAULICS

E: Pipe Flow, Penstocks, Culverts, Sprinklers

H: Open Channel Flow -- Flumes, Gaging Stations

G: Critical Flow -- Weirs, Orifices, Jet Flow, Siphons

I: Energy Dissipation, Stilling Basins, Hydraulic Jump

C: Laboratories, Models

K: Waves, Surface and Density, Stratification of Fluid, Flood Routing

BB: Fluid Mechanics, Dispersion Turbulance

M: Turbines, Pumps, Gates, Valves -- Cavitation, Surge, Vibration, Dredges

CC: Hydraulic Structures -- Spillways, Outlets, Inlets, Protective Str, Riprap

AA: Diversion Dams, Settling Basins, Sand Traps, Excluders

JJ: Fish

II. HYDROLOGY

L: Precipitation, Runoff, Hydrographs, Flow and Stage Duration, Low flow

EE: Meteorology -- Cloud Seeding, Ice, Snow

F: Flood Analysis, Control, Protection and Effect

O: Evaporation, Wind, Physiographical Balance

P: Irrigation, Methods, Consumptive Use, Canal Losses, Water Rights

HH: Conservation, Effects, Watershed Studies, Land Use

Q: Water Movement in Soil -- Seepage, Wells, Ground Water

R: Drainage, Reclamation, General Irrigation Projects

X: Storage and Project Operation, River Basin Operation, Routing

N: Beaches, Harbors, Estuaries, Erosion, Tide and Waves, Protection, Freeboard

Y: Quality of Water, Pollution, Thermo, Sewage, Cooling Water

I: Fresh Water from Salt Water

-: Logan Conference -- Research Needs (1964)

III. SEDIMENTATION ENGINEERING

B: Sediment Transport, Channels and Pipes, Bed Forms and Friction (See U)

V: Reservoir Sedimentation, Sediment Yield Rates, Deltas, Fluvial Fans

U: Aggrading, Degrading, and Stable Channels -- Bed Forms

J: Soil mechanics, Earth Dams and Dikes, Foundations, Dam failure

-: Sedimentation Engineering Manual

IV. MANAGEMENT, OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

GG: Organizations; Political Protective and Conservation, River Basin Planning

V. MATHEMATICS

DD: Electronic Computer, Models, Stream Forecasting

Z: Data Analysis and Storage

VI. STANDARDS, POLICY, EDUCATION, INSTRUMENTATION

A: Translations, References, History, Tabulations

H: Costs, Weights, Symbols, Standards

S: Economics, Education, Research Needs

FF: Measurement Equipment -- Gages, Samplers, Survey Instruments

VII. DESIGN AND GEOLOGY

D: Structure Analysis, Wood and Concrete Design

T: Geology (see J)

INDEX OF SEDIMENTATION ARTICLES

A. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, CHARACTERISTICS AND MOVEMENT OF SEDIMENT

*0. General; Terminology; Research Needs and Teaching Aids

*1. Suspended movement, formulas, unmeasured load, "Sediment Production" (see A-12)

*2. Bed movement, formulas, types (see B-2 for forms)

3. Suspended sampling -- Instruments and techniques

4. Bed material -- Sampling size, errors (see A-11) and techniques

*5. Size analysis, fall velocities, concentration determination

6. Cohesive soils, soil classification, chemical and mineral properties

7. Particle shape, texture and angle of repose

8. Sealing of Porous Media

9. Fertility of sediment

10. Abrasive power (see L-2)

11. Sorting and armoring of particles (see F-6)

*12. Erosion of watersheds -- Methods of computing erosion and yield rates

*13. Sediment yield -- Basic Data -- Rating curves (see D-5, A-1, and A)

14. Mud flows

B. NATURAL CHANNELS - BEHAVIOR

0. Policy criteria and manual

1. Stream morphology and theory of behavior -- Channel Type (see Art. F-1)

2. Bed forms and resistance, n's for sand channels

3. Drainage patterns and density

4. Channel slope -- Profiles (see F-7)

5. Channel form and shape -- bank erosion

6. Channel bends and meander

7. Deterioration

8. Aggradation -- flood plain deposits

9. Degradation -- scour at bridges and outlets (see F-5)

10. Gullies and accelerated erosion

11. Case histories

C. REGIMEN THEORY

20. Pros and Cons

21. Kennedy, Lacey, Inglis, etc.

22. Blench

D. RESERVOIR SEDIMENTATION

*0. Policy, criteria, and General

*1. Density of deposits

*2. Disposition of deposits

*3. Trap efficiency

*4. Deltas, development -- Upstream Aggradation -- See also B-8

5. Rate of deposition, sediment yield (See A-13)

*6. Density currents and slucing of sediment, stratified flow (see XX, A-3 and A-4)

7. Survey methods, equipment, Gamma Probe (see N-3 and N-2)

8. Operation and design (outlet works)

9. Shoreline retreat

For degradation, see B-2, F-5

E. INTAKE WORKS AND DESILTING BASINS

*0. Policy criteria and general methods

*1. Sluices, Ejectors and curved walls

2. Settling basins

3. Sand traps and vortex tube

4. Dredges and dragline

5. Transport of sediment in pipes (See ZH)

6. Guide vanes

F. CHANNEL IMPROVEMENT AND DESIGN - STABLE CHANNELS - CANALS

*0. Policy criteria and general

*1. Tractive force -- Effect of sediment concentration

*2. Dominant discharge

*3. Competent velocity (See A-11)

*4. Bank protection, groins and levees -- width

*5. Channel scour -- degradation -- pilot cuts (See B-9)

*6. Riprap -- gravel cover -- Armor (see A-11)

6X. Vegetative influence and protection

*7. Bed protection; modifications and drops -- Slope

8. Alinement bends and minimum radius

9. Leakage -- sediment sealing -- water salvage

10. Maintenance, dredging and cleaning -- clearing

11. Cross drainage

*12. Case histories

*13. Cohesive banks and clay characteristics (See A-6)

*H. CONSERVATION PRACTICES

1. Vegetation methods, watershed management

2. Soil erosion -- Cross drainage

3. Structural measures -- Check dams, terraces and plugs

4. Small Dams, Debris basins

5. Evaluation of general conservation measures

6. Raindrop splash and Infiltration

7. Measures for Pasture and Brush Land

8. Effect of Floodwater Retarding Structures

9. Watershed Protection Effects

K. ECONOMICS OF SEDIMENTATION

1. Cleaning of canals

2. Sedimentation damage

3. Legal

*L. PUMPING PLANTS AND TURBINES

1. Intakes, marinas and pumping plants (See Art. E)

2. Abrasion of pumps and turbine parts (See L)

M. WIND EROSION - LOESS

N. INSTRUMENTS AND EQUIPMENT

1. Electronic Computers

2. Radioisotope, probes, tracers, monitors

3. Samplers, size analysis, boats (See A-3, D-7, A-4)

4. Mathematics and analysis of data

P. ESTUARIES, HARBORS, MARINAS, WAVES, TIDES

Q. GEOLOGY - GENERAL INFORMATION

For samplers see A-3 and A-4

For stream gaging equipment see ZM

* Symbols with similar subject matter in report file

INDEX TO SEDIMENTATION REPORTS

A. SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND EROSION

A0: General -- Sediment Transport

A1: Suspended Load

A2: Bed Material Transport

A2X: Total Load

A2Y: Bedforms and other Effects

A5: Fall Velocity, Size Flocculation

A. EROSION AND SEDIMENT YIELD

A12: Erosion Analysis

A13: Sediment Yield Rates and Rating Curves

A13X: Reports -- Yield Rate Studies

A14: Mud Flow

D. RESERVOIR SEDIMENTATION

D0: General and Manuals

D1: Unit Weight

D2: Distribution of Sediment, and Delta Profile

D3: Trap Efficiency

D4: Delta Formation

D6: Stratification, Sluicing

D7: Resurvey Reports

D10: Studies and Talks

E. CANALS AND INTAKES

E0: General

E1: Diversion Dams, Settling Basins, Sand Traps

E7: Intakes, Marinas, Power and Pumping Plants

E8: Fish Problems

E9: Canals

E10: Drops, Checks, Chutes

F. STABLE CHANNELS - BEHAVIOR AND DESIGN

F0: General, Design for X--Section

F1: Tractive Force

F3: Critical Velocity

F4: Bank Erosion -- Protection -- Width

F5: Local Scour, Contractions -- Levees

F6: Riprap, Gravel Filters, Armor

F7: Bed Slope -- Drops -- Gullies

F8: Bends, Alinement -- Meander

F11: Aggradation (also See D4)

F12: Reports and Studies of Projects

F13: Cohesive Material -- Resistance to Scour

F14: Degradation below Dams

H. CONSERVATION METHODS AND EVALUATION

L. PUMP AND TURBINES

INDEX TO HYDRAULIC PUBLICATIONS

ARTICLES

*ZA: Policy, Criteria, and Manual

ZB: General and Miscellaneous

*ZC: Flow in Open Channels

ZC0: General and Miscellaneous

*ZC1: Calculation of Water Surface Profile

ZC2: Shallow or Sheet Flow, Grass Channels

ZC3: Supercritical Flow Chutes, Steep Channels

*ZC4: Waves in Channels and Unstable Flow. (See ZP)

*ZC5: Roughness Coefficient, See B2

*ZC6: Special Energy Losses, Bend, Bridges and Contractions

*ZC7: Rating Curves, Gaging Stations, Measurement of Q

ZD: Critical Depth, Flow Meters, Parshall Flume

*ZE: Weirs, Broad Crest Weirs, Ogee Crest

*ZF: Dissipation of Hydraulic Energy, Hydraulic Jump, Stilling Basin Drops

ZG: Translatory Waves, Flood Routing, Surges

*ZH: Flow in Pipes, Penstocks, Siphons, Sediment Mixture

*ZI: Orifices, Meters in Closed Conduits, Valves

ZJ: Flow Around Immersed Bodies, Bridge Piers

*ZK: Models and Hydraulic Laboratories

ZL: Flow through Porous Media, Wells

*ZM: Gages and Equipment, Also A3 and A4

ZN: Pumps -- Cavitation and Abrasion (See L)

ZO: Turbines, Cavitation and Abrasion (See L)

ZP: Waves, Tides, Beaches, Slope Protection, Freeboard (Also XT and XU)

ZQ: Ice and Ice Jams

ZR: Fluid Mechanics

Note: For Math. and Analysis, See N4

* Symbols with similar subject matter in report file

REPORTS

ZA: General and Manuals

ZC: Open Channel Flow

ZC1: Water Surface Profiles

ZC4: Waves -- Density Currents, Unstable Flow

ZC5: Flow Resistance, N's Values

ZC6: Special Losses, Bridges, Contractions

ZC7: Gaging Stations, Discharge Measurements

ZE: Weirs -- Measuring Devices

ZF: Structures, Drops, Stilling Basins

ZH, ZI: Pipes, Culverts, Orifices, Sediment Mixture in Pipes

ZK: Models and Laboratories and Laboratory Techniques

ZM: Instruments, Gages, Samplers

ZQ: Ice Jams

INDEX TO HYDROLOGIC PUBLICATIONS

ARTICLES

*XA: Policy, criteria and manual -- Environment controversy

XB: General and Miscellaneous

XC: Water Resources and Project Planning

XD: Basic Data Collection and Presentation

XD1: Stream flow

XD2: Precipitation

XD3: Quality

XD4: Temperature

XE: Statistics and Mathematical Methods, Extension of Records

*XF: Water Requirements and Consumptive Use Value of Water, Dominant Discharge, Water yield from watershed

*XG: Phreatophytes, Salt Cedars, Weeds

XH: Water Yield--Duration Curves -- Return flow

XI: Irrigation Methods -- Planning and Design

*XJ: Ground Water and Wells--Seepage

XK: Drainage Methods -- Planning and Design

*XL: Flood, Droughts, Runoff, Precipitation Hydrographs

*XM: Flood Routing and Reservoir Operation, Yield and Size

XN: Operation Studies

*XO: Evaporation

XP: Meteorology, Sunspots, Wet and Dry Cycles

XQ: Forecast and Predictions

XR: Snow and Glaciers

XS: Sprinkler Systems, subirrigation

*XT: Harbors, Beaches and Tidal Movement, Shore Retreat

*XU: Wind

XV: Requirements of Fish

*XW: Quality of Water -- Pollution, Temperature and Dissolved Oxygen

XX: Limnology -- Study of Reservoirs -- Fish, temperature, density, pollution

For Instruments, See ZM, D7, A3 and A4

For Ice Jams, See ZQ

For Math and Analysis, see N4

*Symbols with similar subject matter in Report File

REPORTS

XA: General and Manual

XF: Use of Water and Irrigation

XG: Phreatophytes -- Weeds

XJ: Ground Water Drainage and Wells

XL: Runoff, Precipitation Analysis of Floods and Droughts

XM: Flood Routing, Reservoir Yield and Size

XO: Evaporation

XP: Meteorology, Wet-dry Cycles, Earthquakes

XT: Beach Erosion, Harbors, Waves

XU: Weather Observation, Wind, Temperature

XW: Water Quality, Temperature - Limnology

XZ: Math. Analysis Correlations, Computers

Ice Jams (see ZQ)

Instruments (see ZM)

INDEX: SNOW AND ICE PUBLICATIONS

AX: Annual and Project Reports -- Bibliographies

AX1: Mechanical and Physical Properties of Snow

AX2: Instrumentation and Collection of Data

AX3: Glaciers, Ice Cover

AX4: Snow Cover and Surveys

AX5: Snow Characteristics -- Blowing, Creep, Classification

AX6: Avalanche Characteristics and Defense Design

AX7: Avalanche Hazard and Research

AX8: Snow Hydrology, Sublimation

AX9: Guides, Teaching Instructions, General Information

AX10: Avalanche Fatalities and Case Histories, Search

AX11: Sea Ice

AX12: Icing of Structures, Rime

Ice Jams, see ZQ

Processing

A preliminary inventory of the 63 boxes in the collection was completed while it was at the Engineering Research Center; this is available in the administrative case files. Upon arrival as part of the Water Resources Archive, over twenty boxes of journal runs, books, and government and other publications not of archival value were deaccessioned. A partial list of these items is available. A number of the publications were added to the CSU Libraries' main or government document collections.

Further processing completed in September through December 2001 included a complete inventory of the collection and subsequent rearrangement. Several items were placed in acid free folders and the collection was reboxed. When labeled dividers, generally corresponding to Borland's indexing systems, exist amidst reports and publications, the label is transcribed and followed by "[divider]" in the inventory list.

Title
Guide to the Papers of Whitney M. Borland
Status
Edited Full Draft
Author
Prepared by Patricia J. Rettig
Date
Copyright 2003
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the CSU Libraries Archives & Special Collections Repository

Contact:
Fort Collins Colorado 80523-1019 USA
970-491-1844